Online Submissions


Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.

Author Guidelines

The manuscript must be single-spaced with 1 inch (or 2.54 cm) margins on all four sides in A4 (21.0*29.7cm) format. The entire paper must be in Times New Roman font at 13 points with the exception of the title, which must be in 16 point and bold. The paper should begin with a title and the word "abstract" (13 point font, bold and capitalized) each of which must be centered. The balance of the paper should be fully justified.

Please do not use columns. Please omit headers and footers. References need to be consistent and in APA 5 format (see or for more details). APA format is available also in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition (2001). Every sub-heading should be bold and capitalized. The manuscript should be in one file entirely in Word format.

Submission Preparation Checklist

1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration

(or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).

2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.

3. All URL addresses in the text (e.g., are activated and ready to click.

4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses);

and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

5. All of reference in article should be cited in full text and all citations in full text should be listed in the reference list.

6. Before submitting the manuscript, the manuscript have been proofread for grammatical and spelling corrections as well

as the readability. It is requested that authors should have their paper checked with a native English speaker colleague

or professional for English syntax, grammar, etc before submission. Manuscript with serious writing problems cannot

be accepted.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Papers will only be published in English, the principle of not exceeding 7000 words. Each typescript must be accompanied by a statement that it has not been submitted for publication elsewhere in any language. If it was a conference paper, then this should be noted together with a statement that the paper has been completely re-written and that either a) it was not originally copyrighted or b) that the author has cleared any necessary permissions with the copyright owner if it has been previously copyrighted. Previous publication in another language should also be disclosed.

The Editor-in-Chief could reserve the right to refuse any manuscript, even on invitation, and to make suggestions and/or modifications before publication. Manuscripts which have been accepted should become the property of the publisher. It is a condition of acceptance that copyright shall be vested in the publisher, unless the paper has been designated Open Access and the appropriated arrangements made.

The publisher should provide authors of accepted papers with proofs for the correction of printing errors. The proofs should be returned within 14 working days after been noticed. The publishers would not be held responsible for errors which are the result from authors' oversights.

Submission Procedure

All submissions should be in the form of a paper with attached interactive materials (software, spreadsheets, interactive workbooks, or other materials) and photo quality graphics. The paper should be submitted both as a PDF and Word file. 80% manuscript authors will get the reply mail from us in 60 days after submission.

Please submit the paper with your name、job title、affiliation、Phone number、address、and E-mail to editor(